The DL model inference in general works with tensor data on input and output. The tensor is abstract N-dimension array, in GStreamer inference plugins it stored under frame Metadata using flexible key-value container GstStructure. The C++ class GVA::Tensor with header-only implementation helps C++ applications access the tensor data.
The DL model inference integration into real application typically involves model specific pre-processing and post-processing logic. GStreamer inference plugins support pre-/post-processing for many popular model topologies and use-cases, configurable via JSON file format as described in model preparation page.
If specific model pre-/post-processing not supported, there are several options to customize GStreamer pipeline or offload processing logic to application:
Consume tensor data and parse/convert/process it on application side;
Set C/Python callback in the middle of GStreamer pipeline;
Insert gvapython element and provide Python callback function;
Insert new GStreamer element implemented on C/C++;
Modify source code of gvadetect/gvaclassify elements.
Next sections talk about these options in more details.
1. Consume tensor data and parse/convert it on application side#
This option works in most use cases except
Converted/parsed data required by downstream element (example, object detection->classification chain)
Pipeline constructed and executed by gst-launch command-line utility, not by C/C++/Python application
The C/C++ application can either
Set pad probe callback on one of element at the end of pipeline (after all metadata attached to frame). The callback mechanism documented by GStreamer framework
Insert appsink element at the end of pipeline and utilize appsink functions and signals for GstBuffer and metadata consumption
The pad probe callback demonstrated in C++ sample draw_face_attributes
2. Set C/Python callback in the middle of GStreamer pipeline#
Similar to 1, pad probe callback could be set in the middle of pipeline.
Note that GstBuffer on source pad (output pad) of all inference elements guaranteed to be writable (gst_buffer_is_writable returns true) so application specific C++/Python callback or custom element can attach/modify GstVideoRegionOfInterestMeta or other metadata to the GstBuffer.
This enables pipelines gvainference->gvaclassify where gvainference runs object detection model with custom output layer format. C/Python callback inserted by the app between gvainference and gvaclassify can parse tensor data in GvaTensorMeta into list of objects (bounding box with attributes), and attach new GstVideoRegionOfInterestMeta to video frame for further object classification by downstream element gvaclassify.
3. Insert gvapython element and provide Python callback function#
The advantage of this option is applicability for any application type including gst-launch utility.
The gvapython element takes reference to user provided Python script with function to be called on every frame processing.
The callback function can attach/modify metadata as demonstrated in sample
4. Insert new GStreamer element implemented on C/C++#
Please refer to GStreamer documentation and samples how to implement new GStreamer element and register GStreamer plugin.
If frame processing function implemented in C++, it can utilize GVA::Tensor helper class
5. Modify source code of post-processors for gvadetect/gvaclassify elements#
You can add new or modify any suitable existing post-processor for gvadetect/gvaclassify elements.